FAQ: What Is Restoration Theatre?

What does restoration mean in theatre?

“Restoration comedy” is English comedy written and performed in the Restoration period of 1660–1710. Comedy of manners is used as a synonym for this. After public stage performances were banned for 18 years by the Puritan regime, reopening of the theatres in 1660 marked a renaissance of English drama.

What was theatre like in the Restoration?

Restoration theatres had a proscenium arch, with entrance doors for the players, and the part of the stage on which most of the acting took place stuck out into the auditorium. Above there was a balcony, good for scenes of coquetting and eavesdropping.

What was the purpose of restoration theatre?

This form was later classed “old comedy” but is now known as restoration comedy because it coincided with Charles II’s return to England. The main goal of these comedies of manners was to mock or scrutinize society. This allowed the audience to laugh at themselves and society.

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What is restoration theatre main concern?

Focus on carnality (from sexual attraction to sexual conquest), follies and vices. Adultery is crucial theme. Wit and quick repartee, especially among gentlemen and rakes. Intrigue, especially in love and marriage, was a common theme.

Why is it called Restoration period?

The name ‘restoration’ comes from the crowning of Charles II, which marks the restoring of the traditional English monarchical form of government following a short period of rule by a handful of republican governments.

What three major events happened during the Restoration period?

What three major events happened during the restoration period?

  • Jan 1, 1625. Political Breakdown.
  • Jan 1, 1640. Charles I’s Rule.
  • Aug 22, 1642. English Civil War.
  • Feb 21, 1648. Second English Civil War.
  • Jan 30, 1649. Execution of Charles I.
  • May 16, 1649. Interregnum Period & Oliver Cromwell.
  • May 29, 1660.
  • Jan 30, 1661.

Which age is called restoration age and why?

1. THE RESTORATION AGE (1660-1700) The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden because monarchy was restored in England.

Who was the primary target audience for restoration Theatre?

new audience consisted of fashionable young cynics and dilettantes, self-indulgent rakes and wits who prized glittering conversation and were interested only in seeing themselves on stage, no matter how satirical the portrait.

What happened to English Theatre during restoration?

During the Restoration, semi-operas were rising. The design and architecture of the actual stage, as well as advances in stage machinery, gave way to a flourishing theatrical era in the 1660s. These advances allowed for more elaborate scene and set design, making even transformation scenes possible.

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What are the characteristics of Restoration age?


  • Rise of Neo-classicism. The Restoration marks a complete break with the past.
  • Imitation of the Ancient Masters.
  • Imitation of the French Masters.
  • Correctness and Appropriateness.
  • Realism and formalism.

What are the two masterpieces of restoration Theatre?

10 of the Best Restoration Plays Everyone Should Read

  • The best Restoration comedies and tragedies.
  • John Dryden, Marriage a la Mode.
  • William Wycherley, The Country Wife.
  • George Etherege, The Man of Mode.
  • Aphra Behn, The Rover.
  • Thomas Otway, Venice Preserv’d.
  • John Vanbrugh, The Provoked Wife.

What Restoration actress is the first to appear on the professional stage?

1645 – 1 October 1719), also Peg Hughes or Margaret Hewes, is often credited as the first professional actress on the English stage on 8 December 1660.

What are the characteristics of Restoration drama?

Restoration Literature Characteristics

  • Comedy of Manners. The Comedy of Manners is a theatrical genre that was uber-popular during the Restoration period.
  • Satire. The Restoration writers couldn’t get enough satire.
  • Heroic Couplet.
  • Social Life.
  • Politics.
  • Faith.
  • Restoration of Monarchy.
  • Rejection of Puritanism.

What are the basic qualities of Restoration Comedy?

Main characteristics of Restoration Comedy of Manners include a flamboyant display of witty, blunt sexual dialogue, boudoir intrigues, sensual innuendos and rakish behaviour. The tone of the plays is cynical and satirical, while the language and actions are sexually explicit.

Which of the following is an example of Restoration Comedy?

Significant examples are George Etherege’s The Man of Mode (1676), William Wycherley’s The Country Wife (1675), and William Congreve’s The Way of the World (1700).

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